17 May 2023

What are the Cimmerians? – Know the meaning and characteristics of the Cimmerians

By Donald

the Cimmerians they were a nomadic and warlike people who lived in the Cimera region, what is today Ukraine and Russia, during the Iron Age. They were experts in warfare, horsemanship, and metallurgy, and practiced a polytheistic religion and animal sacrifice.

What does the term Cimmerian mean?

The word “Cimmerian” refers to an ancient people from prehistoric times who lived in the region of Cimera, in what now it is Ukraine and Russia, during the Iron Age. They were renowned for their skill in warfare and their nomadic lifestyle.

In history, the Cimmerians were known to have participated in numerous invasions from neighboring states, including Assyria, Scythians, Thracians, Urartu, and Lydia. It is also believed that they were responsible for the destruction of the city of Sardis, in the year 612 BC. Their culture was characterized by their skill in metallurgy and horsemanship, as well as their nomadic lifestyle. It is known that they lived in tents and were skilled warriors, especially in fighting with bow and arrow. They also practiced religion and animal sacrifice.

In literature, the Cimmerians are known to be a savage people, and have been associated with the mythological figure of Conan the Barbarian. The word “Cimmerian or Cimmerian” is often used as a generic term to refer to a group of violent and primitive people.

Where does the term Cimmerian come from?

Its origin is not entirely clear. but it is believed that it may derive from the name of the region where the Cimmerians (also called Cimmerians) lived, which was known as Cimera or Kimmeria.

Some theories suggest that the name Cimera came from related to the Greek term ‘kimmeroi’, meaning ‘dark’ or ‘cloud-covered’. This could refer to the climate of the region or to the shadowy and mysterious nature of the Cimmerians, who often moved in the dead of night to attack their enemies.

Other theories propose that the name could be related with the Greek god of the dead and king of the underworld, Hades, who was sometimes called ‘Kimmerio’ because his realm was considered to be deep beneath the earth, in a dark and mysterious region. In any case, the term “Cimmerian” has been used for centuries to refer to the nomadic people who lived in the Cimera region in the Iron Age.

What are the characteristics of the Cimmerians?

They were a warrior people who lived during the Iron Age. Below are some of The principal caracteristics Associated with the Cimmerians:

  • nomadic lifestyle: They were a wandering people, which means they they had no fixed home and they moved constantly in search of pasture for their cattle. They lived in tents and traveled in horse-drawn war chariots.
  • skill in war: The Cimmerians were known for their prowess in battle and intimidated their enemies. Were experts in the use of the bow and the arrow and used surprise tactics to attack their opponents.
  • horsemanship culture: The Cimmerians were a people expert in move through horses, because they had a great ability for it. They used them in war, as well as in transport and hunting.
  • Metallurgy: The Cimmerians were good at foundry and they produced weapons and tools of iron and bronze. They also made jewelry and other decorative objects from these materials.
  • Religion and animal sacrifice: The Cimmerians applied a polytheistic dogma and they believed in various gods. They also practiced animal sacrifice, in which cattle heads or other animals were offered to the gods.
  • funeral culture: The Cimmerians had a distinctive tradition in which they buried their dead in great burial mounds. These often decorated with metal objects and jewels.
  • Knowledge of the territory: The Cimmerians were experts in reconnoitering the terrain and they moved easily through the mountainous and forested areas of their area.
  • Influence on history: The Cimmerians had a significant impact on the history of the region, as they participated in numerous invasions from neighboring states and are believed to have been responsible for the destruction of the city of Sardis in 612 BC. They are also credited with influencing the development of the Scythian culture, a nomadic people who lived in the region after the Cimmerians.

What does Ulysses say about the Cimmerians and their city?

Ulysses character aka Odysseus Coming from Ancient Greece, he speaks in a verse of Homer’s Odyssey about the Cimmerians and their city, in song XI, where he communicates with the spirit of the soothsayer Tiresias in the world of the dead. Odysseus refers to the Cimmerians as a people who live ‘at the end of the night, in a misty and misty region where the sun never shines’ (Odyssey, XI, 14-16).

Odysseus speaks of the Cimmerians as a wild and violent people who have no law or order. He describes his city as an impregnable fortress, surrounded by rivers of fire and protected by a wall of bronze. Odysseus also mentions that they practice animal sacrifice and that their king, Eusorus, is known for his love of drink.

In the “Odyssey”, the Cimmerians They do not have a significant role in the plot, but are mentioned as an example of the variety of peoples and cultures that Odysseus encounters on his journey home from the Trojan War and the Black Sea. Homer’s description of the Cimmerians reflects the image the Greeks had of the nomadic and warlike peoples who lived in the eastern regions of Europe and Asia during the Iron Age.