What are the Eleusinian mysteries? – History and origin of the Eleusinian mysteries
The Eleusinian mysteries were one of the most important rituals in ancient Greece, although they are not considered part of the official religion or dogma. Little is known about it, since the initiates in it could not reveal Any information to people.
This caused the creation of a mystery environment As for this, even reaching the present time little is known about the Eleusinian mysteries. Therefore, if you want to know more about them, their history and origin, to whom this article is about, we will teach you.
Meaning and concept of the Eleusinian mysteries
The Eleusinian mysteries became known as a mystery religion from secret rituals from about 1600 B.C. C. to 392 d. C. No one knows exactly what the mystical ritual was about, but according to some testimonies from initiates in them, they suggest that the ancient Greeks were participants in this ritual.
This was based on a reading of the history of Demeter and Persephone that gave a new vision to the initiates, managing to change the way of thinking, seeing the world and thus their way of living.
His purpose was to free them from the fear of death, making them recognize themselves as immortal souls that only temporarily passed through the world and through their mortal bodies. On the other hand, that the human being could die and live on another plane of existence or in a different body when it did
Little is known about these rituals, since they swore to keep them secret, as well as all their details under penalty of death. For this reason, it is known how they were made or what form they had, however, some of those who participated had a change for the better and they stopped having death.
What are the Eleusinian mysteries?
These mysteries consist of the story of Demeter and Persephone, being one of the most significant in history. ancient Greece. It offered different aspects that others could not, such as triumph over death and a vision of eternal life.
In them Demeter, known as a goddess of nature, had a daughter named Kore, which was kidnapped and raped by Hades, known as the lord of the underworld. Because of this, Demeter searches for her all over the earth, where she is finally found next to a well in the well-known city of Eleusis.
There she disguised herself as an old woman to take care of the queen’s son, who baptized in fire so that he could be immortal. However, one night the queen found her, so she got angry and the goddess revealed the glory of her and Iran of her.
Because of this, Demeter decided to teach Triptolemus, who was the queen’s son, the art of agriculture. Meanwhile, the king of the gods known as Zeus He instructed Hades to return Kore to her mother because the crops were dying and the people of the town were in need. Hades, hearing this, agreed, however, he tricked Kore into eating some seeds from the land of the dead, so he stayed there.
Since she had only eaten a little of them, it was established that she would spend half the year with her mother on earth and the other half in the Underworld. For this reason, Kore became known as Persephoneknown as the queen of the underworld.
With this they sought to reflect the transformation and nature of life, which existence of the human being it does not end with death. This does not exist, it is only a change from one state to another.
Who created the Eleusinian mysteries?
There are very few sources of this ritual, however, it is believed that in ancient Greece they had significant value. They thought that the sanctuary of the city of eleuisiswhich was located in Athens, had a sacred value and was connected with the Olympian divinities called Demeter and Persephone.
Although its origin is not known with certainty, many cults believe that it could have come from Ancient Egyptsince some similar ones existed in other ancient civilizations.
What testimonies are there of the Eleusinian mysteries?
As for these, one of them is from Plato, which refers to the mysteries in a dialogue that deals with the immortality of the soul. There he specifies that the mysteries have a great meaning, being very real, which is that the one who was initiated and purified will be with the gods.
In the myth, in the last chapter of ‘The Republic’, a warrior with this name loses his life in battle and goes to the afterlife in a rite of passage. But he does not do the same as the other individuals who accompany him, since this does not drink from the waters of the river Lethe. This would make him forget all the memories of him on earth to move on to the next life.
So he comes back to life and tells his companions what he lived in the afterlife and what death is like. This is how he relates that this is not the end of life, but the beginning of another. Plato does not tell this story as a myth or something fanciful, but as a true or true story.
On the other hand, Plutarch, when he writes to his wife about the case of his daughter’s death, refers to those sacred promises that are given in the mysteries. He also encourages us to stand firm in a truth that the soul is incorruptible and immortalso they must act accordingly to them.
It also makes reference to the fact that when man dies they are like those who are initiated into the mysteries, so life is a journey through difficult paths, with no way out. At the time of leaving her come the shuddering fears and wonder, after that a light is seenmeadows, songs, dances and holy apparitions.